A history of the underground railroad and the life of black slaves in canada

Slavery in Canada as a whole had been in rapid decline after an court ruling, and was finally abolished outright in See a brief timeline of the abolition movement in Canada. He ran a station in Syracuse, New York, where he permanently settled after living freely in Hamilton and St.

With heavy lobbying by southern politicians, the Compromise of was passed by Congress after the Mexican—American War.

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They were in search of a young man named Joseph Alexander. Citizens of what soon became Canada were long involved in aiding fugitive slaves escape slave-holding southern states via the Underground Railroad.

A history of the underground railroad and the life of black slaves in canada

Lindsley , c. Also includes video trailer and photo gallery. Black persons established a range of religious, educational, social and cultural institutions, political groups and community-building organizations. In addition, the creation of the Anti-Slavery Society of Canada in reflected the desire of the African American community in Toronto to abolish slavery in the United States. Early African Canadian settlers were productive and innovative citizens. While some later returned to Canada, many remained in the United States. The additional word via indicated that the "passengers" were not sent on the usual train, but rather via Reading, Pennsylvania. With heavy lobbying by southern politicians, the Compromise of was passed by Congress after the Mexican—American War. This allowed them to stay closer to family members who were dispersed across the United States. While the more pious and generous went out of their way to help the new settlers, most Canadians turned a blind eye to their struggles and in some cases assaults and murders against black immigrants were recorded. Others were skilled tradesmen, working as blacksmiths, shoe makers, and wagon makers.

For example, the following message, "I have sent via at two o'clock four large hams and two small hams", indicated that four adults and two children were sent by train from Harrisburg to Philadelphia. Bryan Walls After the War ofAmerican officers who had been stationed near Fort Malden Amherstburg, Ontario carried back to the United States stories of a country where runaway slaves were welcome.

They had fled from Rockingham County, North Carolina to Canada in order to live in harmony as husband and wife.

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The stations were often located in barns, under church floors, or in hiding places in caves and hollowed-out riverbanks. The same threat existed for all free blacks. The famous abolitionist Levi Coffin, during a tour of Upper Canada in , described Amherstburg as the principal terminal settlement in Canada of the Underground Railroad. Once a part of a plantation, the conductor would direct the runaways to the North. Because of racism in American society at the time, it was much easier for a white slave owner to claim that someone was their escaped slave than for a black person to prove they were not. They raised their children, or worked for wages as seamstresses and washerwomen. He kept careful records, including short biographies of the people, that contained frequent railway metaphors. He is a very black man and was a slave in one of the southern states.
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History Spotlight: The Underground Railroad