There are those people who are afraid of truth. No Orientalist has paused, as far as I am aware, to investigate if this is true or even plausible that Muhammad abandoned the Muslims without a leader, and they had to find one in a no-holds barred, ruthless, free-for-all, struggle for power.
The first loyalty of the historian must be to truth, and nothing whatsoever must deflect him in its quest. As the state grew, the state expenses increased. It is the story of the movement which was launched by Muhammad, the Messenger of God, in A.
As stated above, there is a plethora of books on Islam but most of them are stereotypical interpretations of the story of its birth and growth, and its religious experience, just as handed down to their authors by the court historians of the government which was born in Saqifa, and its successor governments — the governments of Damascus and Baghdad.
In this polarization, most of his companions were on the one side and the members of his family on the other.
They killed him and sent his head to Sulayman. Sulayman died suddenly in However, Shia Muslims accuse him of instigating the war, weakening the Muslim nation by dividing the Ummahfabricating self-aggrandizing heresies  slandering the Prophet 's family  and even selling his Muslim critics into slavery in the Byzantine empire.
And yet, history can find its own supreme court or objective tribunal in the logic of facts.