Ben franklin biography

Franklin was born in a middle class family on January 17, in the City of Boston, he was the 15th of 17 children and the youngest son. Founding Father: Drafting the U.

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In he petitioned the U. As if being a prolific writer and a major player in the founding of the United States wasn't enough, Ben Franklin still found time to be a prominent inventor and scientist. The Gazette soon became Franklin's characteristic organ, which he freely used for satire, for the play of his wit, even for sheer excess of mischief or of fun.

As a politician he was the first one to propose the union of the colonies for common defense. Franklin was an ambitious entrepreneurdisciplined and industrious, working hard until late at night.

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Two years later, he accepted a royal appointment as deputy postmaster general of North America. They initiated guerrilla forays into New Jerseysouthern Connecticutand New York counties north of the city.

Ben franklin biography

Energetic nearly to the last, in he was elected as first president of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery-a cause to which he had committed himself as early as the s. Activities Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element. Later, he represented all of the American colonies when he spoke out against the much hated Stamp Act of Franklin also invented a kind of metal stove in Franklin's autobiography , begun in but published after his death, has become one of the classics of the genre. In , Franklin was elected to the Second Continental Congress and appointed the first postmaster general for the colonies. In , Franklin returned to Philadelphia and was elected as the Pennsylvania delegate to the Second Continental Congress. The letters called for the restriction of the rights of colonists, which caused a firestorm after their publication by Boston newspapers. He proved by flying a kite that lightning was electricity and invented a rod to prevent it from hitting buildings.

After Franklin returned to Philadelphia inhe toured the colonies to inspect its post offices. Josiah wanted Ben to attend school with the clergy, but only had enough money to send him to school for two years. Subsequent versions were printed in France in and the U.

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His pamphlet "A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge" underscored his interests and served as the founding document of the American Philosophical Society , the first scientific society in the colonies. Benjamin Franklin was a printer, publisher, author, inventor, scientist, and diplomat. He received honorary degrees from Harvard and Yale universities his first. Among his many creations were the lightning rod , glass harmonica a glass instrument, not to be confused with the metal harmonica , Franklin stove , bifocal glasses and the flexible urinary catheter. He was 84, suffered from gout and had complained of ailments for some time, completing the final codicil to his will a little more than a year and a half prior to his death. Undoubtedly his paper contributed to the broader culture that distinguished Pennsylvania from her neighbors before the Revolution. In , he was appointed commissioner to Canada and was one of five men to draft the Declaration of Independence. His second stay was the last time the couple saw each other. By , the year-old Franklin had become one of the richest men in Pennsylvania, and he became a soldier in the Pennsylvania militia. Franklin worked with Folger and other experienced ship captains, learning enough to chart the current and name it the Gulf Stream , by which it is still known today. Their energetic exploitation of them endangered his reputation at home until reliable information was published demonstrating his unabated opposition to the act. Franklin put the question to his cousin Timothy Folger, a Nantucket whaler captain, who told him that merchant ships routinely avoided a strong eastbound mid-ocean current.

Thirteen months later, he served on the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence.

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Benjamin Franklin Biography for Kids