In addition, they are considered as promising materials for biomedical applications, such as photodynamic therapy against tumors and infectious agents, quenching oxygen radicals, biosensor technology, simulation of cellular components, such as membrane pores or ion channels, as well as controlled drug or gene delivery, particularly targeting the mineralized bone tissue [ 65 ].
An attempt of full description of the system was made in  ; however, this is still a subject for the discussion. The production method of this gas appears to be very similar to the production method of the fullerenes; actually, it appears to be big from ten to one hundred nanometers carbon nanocrystals with the metastable technetium atoms inside.
Piris, Chemical bonding in carbon dimer isovalent series from the natural orbital functional theory perspective. Acta B At.
The thicker carbon layer the lower zeta potential value. In our earlier studies and in studies by other authors, nanodiamond has proven itself as an excellent substrate for the adhesion, growth, metabolic activity and phenotypic maturation of several cell types in vitro, including osteogenic cells [ 57 ].
Possibly the adhering cells prefer smooth surface without sharp irregularities. Dai, Y. Song, Y. Jin, B. The decrease of electrical sheet resistance Rs is more pronounced on PET, probably due to lower surface roughness. Hoshino, C. Huang, Z. Gorantla, F.