Short essay on aids and hiv

TB causes a severe lung infection as well as weight loss, fever, and tiredness, and can also infect the brain, lymph nodes, bones, or kidneys.

causes of hiv/aids

About 47 million people worldwide have been infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic. Cytomegalovirus disease CMV : CMV can cause a range of diseases in the body, including pneumonia, gastroenteritisand encephalitisa brain infection.

Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century. I will talk about the sociological, economic and ethical issues surrounding the availability of treatment in different countries, but first I must explain what HIV and AIDS are.

Through blood -- via blood transfusions now extremely rare in the U. From a legal, ethical, and moral standpoint, they should warn any prospective sexual partner of their HIV positive status. People with HIV need a medical care team for the best treatment and support.

HAART is a collection of different medications, each with its own side effect profile. Isabelle de klerk arizona state department of theological discussions.

Aids patient

From mother to child -- a pregnant woman can passively transmit the virus to her fetus, or a nursing mother can transmit it to her baby. However, it can reactivate in people with HIV, causing painful cold sores around the mouth and ulcers on the genitals and anus that do not resolve. It has proven to be a universally fatal illness. In Kenya, the plague has mainly targeted those in the fertile and reproductive age groups. Without medication that prevents the replication of the virus, this slow process can continue for an average of around 10 years. HIV-positive patients who are taking anti-retroviral medications are less likely to transmit the virus. Cryptococcosis: Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that can infect any part of the body, but most often enters the lungs to trigger pneumonia or the brain to cause swelling. Cytomegalovirus disease CMV : CMV can cause a range of diseases in the body, including pneumonia, gastroenteritis , and encephalitis , a brain infection. The disease also has significant economic impacts. Recurrent Salmonella septicemia: This type of bacteria often enters the body in contaminated food and water, circulates the entire body, and overpowers the immune system, causing nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. However, once the immune system is severely destroyed, that patient is said to have developed AIDS, and is now susceptible to infections and cancers that most healthy adults would not get. See the signs and tests section below for a list of common opportunistic infections and major symptoms associated with them. Related Articles:. Common bacteria, yeast, parasites, and viruses that ordinarily do not cause serious disease in people with fully functional immune systems can cause fatal illnesses in people with AIDS.

It is also defined by numerous opportunistic infections and cancers that occur in the presence of HIV infection. CD4 cells are part of the immune system. In AIDS, the immune system is severely weakened.

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Essay on HIV/AIDS: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention