Vulnerable populations in current events

difference between at risk and vulnerable populations

Being low-income, they may be less likely to have coverage and, as a result, have less interaction with the healthcare system, explained Pamela Riley, MD, MPHvice president of delivery system reform at The Commonwealth Fund. Certain geographical communities Americans living in rural areas often have worse health than the general population.

Since people experiencing homelessness may not have a safe place to stay, they are at an increased risk for adverse health-related outcomes.

vulnerable populations definition

The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. The AHA task force recommends that access to a baseline level of high-quality, safe, and effective services should be preserved and protected within all communities.

These essential health care services are: primary care, psychiatric and substance use treatment services, emergency department and observation care, prenatal care.

The chronically ill and the disabled may face special challenges in obtaining services. People with low incomes are also disproportionately racial and ethnic minorities.

One or more of these characteristics or parameters may be sufficient to identify a vulnerable community: lack of access to primary care services; poor economy, high unemployment rates, and limited economic resources; high rates of uninsurance and underinsurance; cultural differences that may pose challenges, such as social, cultural, and linguistic barriers that may prevent patients from accessing care; low education or health literacy levels; and environmental challenges, which include unsafe streets; asthma exacerbated by air pollution, leading to unnecessary hospitalizations; housing instability, leading to environmental allergens causing symptoms that may result in inappropriate testing; and minimal or no spaces for physical activity or exercise.

Vulnerable populations elderly

Those with multiple problems also face more significant comorbidities and cumulative risks of their illness than those experiencing a single illness. Quality Care for Vulnerable Populations and All Communities For millions of Americans living in vulnerable rural and urban communities, their hospital is an important, and often their only, source of health care. Correspondence should be addressed to Jay Bhatt, N. There are a number of groups that are considered vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, the economically disadvantaged, and those with chronic health conditions. This number continues to increase as the baby boom generation ages. For instance, the number of individuals with chronic medical conditions has risen from million in to million in The task force considered a number of integrated, comprehensive strategies that were emerging to reform health care delivery and payment. Vulnerable populations include the economically disadvantaged, racial and ethnic minorities, the uninsured, low-income children, the elderly, the homeless, those with human immunodeficiency virus HIV , and those with other chronic health conditions, including severe mental illness. We feel strongly that quality and performance improvements are a critical answer to addressing environmental shifts and challenges in health care. For example, studies find that Americans living in poverty are much more likely to be in fair or poor health and have disabling conditions, and are less likely to have used many types of healthcare.

As transformation in the hospital and health care field continues, some communities may be at risk of losing access to health care services and the opportunities and resources they need to improve and maintain their health.

For instance, the number of individuals with chronic medical conditions has risen from million in to million in This number continues to increase as the baby boom generation ages.

Vulnerable populations definition nursing

People with low incomes are also disproportionately racial and ethnic minorities. The chronically ill and the disabled may face special challenges in obtaining services. In addition to the fact that 85 rural hospitals have closed since , fewer than half of rural counties have a hospital offering obstetric care. We feel strongly that quality and performance improvements are a critical answer to addressing environmental shifts and challenges in health care. The reason for this disparity is that rural populations experience geographic isolation, have a lower socioeconomic status, have limited job opportunities, and tend to be older. Every day, hospitals and health systems are navigating the challenges and opportunities of a constantly changing health care environment. To advance the health of all patients and all communities, the AHA developed our Path Forward, with a commitment in five areas: access, value, partners, well-being, and coordination. Although our focus here is on vulnerable communities, these strategies may have broader applicability for all communities. The AHA task force created a list of characteristics and parameters of vulnerable rural and urban communities. In the United States, significant disparities exist in healthcare for vulnerable populations. Wacker Dr.
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5 Vulnerable Populations in Healthcare